||Part of the pathway for acetamido sugar biosynthesis in bacteria and archaea. The enzyme from several bacteria (e.g., Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Haemophilus influenzae) has been shown to be bifunctional and also to possess the activity of EC 126.96.36.199, glucosamine-1-phosphate N-acetyltransferase [3,4,6]. The enzyme from plants and animals is also active toward N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine 1-phosphate (cf. EC 188.8.131.52, UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine diphosphorylase) [5,7], while the bacterial enzyme shows low activity toward that substrate .
||Pattabiramin, T.N. and Bachhawat, B.K. Purification of uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase from sheep brain. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 50 (1961) 129–134. [PMID: 13733356]
||Strominger, J.L. and Smith, M.S. Uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase. J. Biol. Chem. 234 (1959) 1822–1827. [PMID: 13672971]
||Mengin-Lecreulx, D. and van Heijenoort, J. Copurification of glucosamine-1-phosphate acetyltransferase and N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate uridyltransferase activities of Escherichia coli: characterization of the glmU gene product as a bifunctional enzyme catalyzing two subsequent steps in the pathway for UDP-N-acetylglucosamine synthesis. J. Bacteriol. 176 (1994) 5788–5795. [PMID: 8083170]
||Gehring, A.M., Lees, W.J., Mindiola, D.J., Walsh, C.T. and Brown, E.D. Acetyltransfer precedes uridylyltransfer in the formation of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine in separable active sites of the bifunctional GlmU protein of Escherichia coli. Biochemistry 35 (1996) 579–585. [PMID: 8555230]
||Wang-Gillam, A., Pastuszak, I. and Elbein, A.D. A 17-amino acid insert changes UDP-N-acetylhexosamine pyrophosphorylase specificity from UDP-GalNAc to UDP-GlcNAc. J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 27055–27057. [PMID: 9765219]
||Olsen, L.R. and Roderick, S.L. Structure of the Escherichia coli GlmU pyrophosphorylase and acetyltransferase active sites. Biochemistry 40 (2001) 1913–1921. [PMID: 11329257]
||Peneff, C., Ferrari, P., Charrier, V., Taburet, Y., Monnier, C., Zamboni, V., Winter, J., Harnois, M., Fassy, F. and Bourne, Y. Crystal structures of two human pyrophosphorylase isoforms in complexes with UDPGlc(Gal)NAc: role of the alternatively spliced insert in the enzyme oligomeric assembly and active site architecture. EMBO J. 20 (2001) 6191–6202. [PMID: 11707391]