The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: rhodopsin kinase
Reaction: ATP + rhodopsin = ADP + phosphorhodopsin
Other name(s): cone opsin kinase; G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 1; GPCR kinase 1; GRK1; GRK7; opsin kinase; opsin kinase (phosphorylating); rhodopsin kinase (phosphorylating); RK; STK14
Systematic name: ATP:rhodopsin phosphotransferase
Comments: Requires G-protein for activation and therefore belongs to the family of G-protein-dependent receptor kinases (GRKs). Acts on the bleached or activated form of rhodopsin; also phosphorylates the β-adrenergic receptor, but more slowly. Does not act on casein, histones or phosphvitin. Inhibited by Zn2+ and digitonin (cf. EC, β-adrenergic-receptor kinase and EC, G-protein-coupled receptor kinase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 54004-64-7
1.  Benovic, J.L., Mayor, F., Jr., Somers, R.L., Caron, M.G. and Lefkowitz, R.J. Light-dependent phosphorylation of rhodopsin by β-adrenergic receptor kinase. Nature 321 (1986) 869–872. [DOI] [PMID: 3014340]
2.  Shichi, H. and Somers, R.L. Light-dependent phosphorylation of rhodopsin. Purification and properties of rhodopsin kinase. J. Biol. Chem. 253 (1978) 7040–7046. [PMID: 690139]
3.  Palczewski, K., McDowell, J.H. and Hargrave, P.A. Purification and characterization of rhodopsin kinase. J. Biol. Chem. 263 (1988) 14067–14073. [PMID: 2844754]
4.  Weller, M., Virmaux, N. and Mandel, P. Light-stimulated phosphorylation of rhodopsin in the retina: the presence of a protein kinase that is specific for photobleached rhodopsin. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 72 (1975) 381–385. [DOI] [PMID: 164024]
5.  Cha, K., Bruel, C., Inglese, J. and Khorana, H.G. Rhodopsin kinase: expression in baculovirus-infected insect cells, and characterization of post-translational modifications. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94 (1997) 10577–10582. [DOI] [PMID: 9380677]
6.  Khani, S.C., Abitbol, M., Yamamoto, S., Maravic-Magovcevic, I. and Dryja, T.P. Characterization and chromosomal localization of the gene for human rhodopsin kinase. Genomics 35 (1996) 571–576. [DOI] [PMID: 8812493]
7.  Chen, C.K., Zhang, K., Church-Kopish, J., Huang, W., Zhang, H., Chen, Y.J., Frederick, J.M. and Baehr, W. Characterization of human GRK7 as a potential cone opsin kinase. Mol. Vis. 7 (2001) 305–313. [PMID: 11754336]
8.  Willets, J.M., Challiss, R.A. and Nahorski, S.R. Non-visual GRKs: are we seeing the whole picture? Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 24 (2003) 626–633. [DOI] [PMID: 14654303]
[EC created 1989 as EC (EC created 1978, incorporated 1992), transferred 2005 to EC]

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