Accepted name: neomycin C transaminase
Reaction: neomycin C + 2-oxoglutarate = 6′′′-deamino-6′′′-oxoneomycin C + L-glutamate
Other name(s): neoN (gene name)
Systematic name: 2-oxoglutarate:neomycin C aminotransferase
Comments: The reaction occurs in vivo in the opposite direction. Involved in the biosynthetic pathway of aminoglycoside antibiotics of the neomycin family. Works in combination with EC, 6′′′-hydroxyneomycin C oxidase, to replace the 6′′′-hydroxy group of 6′′′-deamino-6′′′-hydroxyneomycin C with an amino group. The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Streptomyces fradiae, can also catalyse EC, neamine transaminase.
1.  Huang, F., Spiteller, D., Koorbanally, N.A., Li, Y., Llewellyn, N.M. and Spencer, J.B. Elaboration of neosamine rings in the biosynthesis of neomycin and butirosin. ChemBioChem. 8 (2007) 283–288. [PMID: 17206729]
2.  Clausnitzer, D., Piepersberg, W. and Wehmeier, U.F. The oxidoreductases LivQ and NeoQ are responsible for the different 6′-modifications in the aminoglycosides lividomycin and neomycin. J. Appl. Microbiol. 111 (2011) 642–651. [PMID: 21689223]
[EC created 2012]

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