Accepted name: taurine—2-oxoglutarate transaminase
Reaction: taurine + 2-oxoglutarate = 2-sulfoacetaldehyde + L-glutamate
Glossary: 2-sulfoacetaldehyde = 2-oxoethanesulfonate
taurine = 2-aminoethanesulfonate
Other name(s): taurine aminotransferase; taurine transaminase; taurine—α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; taurine—glutamate transaminase
Systematic name: taurine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
Comments: A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also acts on D,L-3-amino-isobutanoate, β-alanine and 3-aminopropanesulfonate. Involved in the microbial utilization of β-alanine.
1.  Toyama, S., Misono, H. and Soda, K. Crystalline taurine:α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase from Achromobacter superficialis. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 46 (1972) 1374–1379. [PMID: 5012173]
2.  Cook, A.M. and Denger, K. Dissimilation of the C2 sulfonates. Arch. Microbiol. 179 (2002) 1–6. [PMID: 12471498]
[EC created 1976, modified 2003]