EC 2.6.1.2     
Accepted name: alanine transaminase
Reaction: L-alanine + 2-oxoglutarate = pyruvate + L-glutamate
Other name(s): glutamic-pyruvic transaminase; glutamic-alanine transaminase; GPT (ambiguous); alanine aminotransferase; alanine-α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; alanine-pyruvate aminotransferase; ALT; glutamic acid-pyruvic acid transaminase; glutamic-pyruvic aminotransferase; L-alanine aminotransferase; L-alanine transaminase; L-alanine-α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; pyruvate transaminase; pyruvate-alanine aminotransferase; pyruvate-glutamate transaminase
Systematic name: L-alanine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
Comments: A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. 2-Aminobutanoate can act slowly instead of alanine.
References:
1.  Dumitru, I.F., Iordachescu, D. and Niculescu, S. Chromatographic purification, crystallization and study of vegetable L-alanine: 2-oxoglutarate-aminotransferase properties. Experientia 26 (1970) 837–838. [PMID: 5452003]
2.  Dumitru, I.F., Iordachescu, D. and Niculescu, S. L-Alanine: 2-oxoglutarate-aminotransferase chromatographic purification and crystallization of the enzyme from seeds of Glycine hispida var Cheepeura. Rev. Roum. Biochim. 7 (1970) 31–44.
3.  Green, D.E., Leloir, L.F. and Nocito, W. Transaminases. J. Biol. Chem. 161 (1945) 559–582. [PMID: 21006939]
4.  Iordachescu, D., Dumitru, I.F. and Corniciuc, M.-T. Comparative biochemical studies concerning L-alanine: 2-oxoglutarate-aminotransferase from the liver and the bile of swines. Rev. Roum. Biochim. 20 (1983) 173–179.
5.  Wilson, D.G., King, K.W. and Burris, R.H. Transaminase reactions in plants. J. Biol. Chem. 208 (1954) 863–874. [PMID: 13174595]
[EC 2.6.1.2 created 1961]
 
 


Data © 2001–2020 IUBMB
Web site © 2005–2020 Andrew McDonald