The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.5.1.144     
Accepted name: S-sulfo-L-cysteine synthase (O-acetyl-L-serine-dependent)
Reaction: O-acetyl-L-serine + thiosulfate = S-sulfo-L-cysteine + acetate
For diagram of O3-Acetyl-L-serine metabolism, click here
Glossary: O-acetyl-L-serine = (2S)-3-acetyloxy-2-aminopropanoic acid
Other name(s): cysteine synthase B; cysM (gene name); CS26 (gene name)
Systematic name: O-acetyl-L-serine:thiosulfate 2-amino-2-carboxyethyltransferase
Comments: In plants, the activity is catalysed by a chloroplastic enzyme that plays an important role in chloroplast function and is essential for light-dependent redox regulation within the chloroplast. The bacterial enzyme also catalyses the activity of EC 2.5.1.47, cysteine synthase. cf. EC 2.8.5.1, S-sulfo-L-cysteine synthase (3-phospho-L-serine-dependent).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
References:
1.  Hensel, G. and Truper, H.G. O-Acetylserine sulfhydrylase and S-sulfocysteine synthase activities of Rhodospirillum tenue. Arch. Microbiol. 134 (1983) 227–232. [PMID: 6615127]
2.  Nakamura, T., Iwahashi, H. and Eguchi, Y. Enzymatic proof for the identity of the S-sulfocysteine synthase and cysteine synthase B of Salmonella typhimurium. J. Bacteriol. 158 (1984) 1122–1127. [PMID: 6373737]
3.  Bermudez, M.A., Paez-Ochoa, M.A., Gotor, C. and Romero, L.C. Arabidopsis S-sulfocysteine synthase activity is essential for chloroplast function and long-day light-dependent redox control. Plant Cell 22 (2010) 403–416. [DOI] [PMID: 20179139]
4.  Bermudez, M.A., Galmes, J., Moreno, I., Mullineaux, P.M., Gotor, C. and Romero, L.C. Photosynthetic adaptation to length of day is dependent on S-sulfocysteine synthase activity in the thylakoid lumen. Plant Physiol. 160 (2012) 274–288. [DOI] [PMID: 22829322]
5.  Gotor, C. and Romero, L.C. S-sulfocysteine synthase function in sensing chloroplast redox status. Plant Signal Behav 8:e23313 (2013). [DOI] [PMID: 23333972]
[EC 2.5.1.144 created 2018]
 
 


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