The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: α-N-acetylneuraminate α-2,8-sialyltransferase
Reaction: CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-R = CMP + α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→8)-α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-R
For diagram of ganglioside biosynthesis (pathway to GD3), click here
Other name(s): cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminate-ganglioside GM3; α-2,8-sialyltransferase; ganglioside GD3 synthase; ganglioside GD3 synthetase sialyltransferase; CMP-NeuAc:LM1(α2-8) sialyltranferase; GD3 synthase; SAT-2
Systematic name: CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactoside α-(2→8)-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
Comments: Gangliosides act as acceptors.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 67339-00-8
1.  Eppler, M.C., Morré, J.D. and Keenan, T.W. Ganglioside biosynthesis in rat liver: alteration of sialyltransferase activities by nucleotides. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 619 (1980) 332–343. [DOI] [PMID: 7407217]
2.  Higashi, H., Basu, M. and Basu, S. Biosynthesis in vitro of disialosylneolactotetraosylceramide by a solubilized sialyltransferase from embryonic chicken brain. J. Biol. Chem. 260 (1985) 824–828. [PMID: 3838172]
3.  McCoy, R.D., Vimr, E.R. and Troy, F.A. CMP-NeuNAc:poly-α-2,8-sialosyl sialyltransferase and the biosynthesis of polysialosyl units in neural cell adhesion molecules. J. Biol. Chem. 260 (1985) 12695–12699. [PMID: 4044605]
4.  Yohe, H.C. and Yu, R.K. In vitro biosynthesis of an isomer of brain trisialoganglioside, GT1a. J. Biol. Chem. 255 (1980) 608–613. [PMID: 6766128]
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