The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase
Reaction: IMP + diphosphate = hypoxanthine + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
Other name(s): IMP pyrophosphorylase; transphosphoribosidase; hypoxanthine—guanine phosphoribosyltransferase; guanine phosphoribosyltransferase; GPRT; HPRT; guanosine 5′-phosphate pyrophosphorylase; IMP-GMP pyrophosphorylase; HGPRTase; 6-hydroxypurine phosphoribosyltransferase; 6-mercaptopurine phosphoribosyltransferase; GMP pyrophosphorylase; guanine-hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase; guanosine phosphoribosyltransferase; guanylate pyrophosphorylase; guanylic pyrophosphorylase; inosinate pyrophosphorylase; inosine 5′-phosphate pyrophosphorylase; inosinic acid pyrophosphorylase; inosinic pyrophosphorylase; purine-6-thiol phosphoribosyltransferase
Systematic name: IMP:diphosphate phospho-D-ribosyltransferase
Comments: Guanine and purine-6-thiol can replace hypoxanthine.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, GTD, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9016-12-0
1.  Flaks, J.G. Nucleotide synthesis from 5-phosphoribosylpyrophosphate. Methods Enzymol. 6 (1963) 136–158.
2.  Kornberg, A., Lieberman, I. and Simms, E.S. Enzymatic synthesis of purine nucleotides. J. Biol. Chem. 215 (1955) 417–427. [PMID: 14392175]
3.  Lukens, L.N. and Herrington, K.A. Enzymic formation of 6-mercaptopurine ribotide. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 24 (1957) 432–433. [PMID: 13436452]
4.  Remy, C.N., Remy, W.T. and Buchanan, J.M. Biosynthesis of the purines. VIII. Enzymatic synthesis and utilization of α-5-phosphoribosylpyrophosphate. J. Biol. Chem. 217 (1955) 885–895. [PMID: 13271449]
[EC created 1961, modified 1982]

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