Accepted name: UDP-D-xylose:β-D-glucoside α-1,3-D-xylosyltransferase
Reaction: UDP-α-D-xylose + [protein with EGF-like domain]-3-O-(β-D-glucosyl)-L-serine = UDP + [protein with EGF-like domain]-3-O-[α-D-xylosyl-(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl]-L-serine
Other name(s): β-glucoside α-1,3-xylosyltransferase; UDP-α-D-xylose:β-D-glucoside 3-α-D-xylosyltransferase; GXYLT1 (gene name); GXYLT2 (gene name)
Systematic name: UDP-α-D-xylose:[protein with EGF-like domain]-3-O-(β-D-glucosyl)-L-serine 3-α-D-xylosyltransferase (configuration-retaining)
Comments: The enzyme, found in animals and insects, is involved in the biosynthesis of the α-D-xylosyl-(1→3)-α-D-xylosyl-(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl trisaccharide on epidermal growth factor-like (EGF-like) domains [2,3]. When present on Notch proteins, the trisaccharide functions as a modulator of the signalling activity of this protein.
1.  Omichi, K., Aoki, K., Minamida, S. and Hase, S. Presence of UDP-D-xylose: β-D-glucoside α-1,3-D-xylosyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of the Xyl α 1-3Glc β-Ser structure of glycoproteins in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2. Eur. J. Biochem. 245 (1997) 143–146. [PMID: 9128735]
2.  Ishimizu, T., Sano, K., Uchida, T., Teshima, H., Omichi, K., Hojo, H., Nakahara, Y. and Hase, S. Purification and substrate specificity of UDP-D-xylose:β-D-glucoside α-1,3-D-xylosyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of the Xyl α1-3Xyl α1-3Glc β1-O-Ser on epidermal growth factor-like domains. J. Biochem. 141 (2007) 593–600. [PMID: 17317689]
3.  Sethi, M.K., Buettner, F.F., Krylov, V.B., Takeuchi, H., Nifantiev, N.E., Haltiwanger, R.S., Gerardy-Schahn, R. and Bakker, H. Identification of glycosyltransferase 8 family members as xylosyltransferases acting on O-glucosylated notch epidermal growth factor repeats. J. Biol. Chem. 285 (2010) 1582–1586. [PMID: 19940119]
[EC created 2010, modified 2020]