The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: fatty-acyl-CoA synthase system
Reaction: acetyl-CoA + n malonyl-CoA + 2n NADPH + 4n H+ = long-chain-acyl-CoA + n CoA + n CO2 + 2n NADP+
Other name(s): yeast fatty acid synthase; FAS1 (gene name); FAS2 (gene name); fatty-acyl-CoA synthase
Systematic name: acyl-CoA:malonyl-CoA C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating, oxoacyl- and enoyl-reducing)
Comments: The enzyme from yeasts (Ascomycota and Basidiomycota) is a multi-functional protein complex composed of two subunits. One subunit catalyses the reactions EC, 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase and EC, β-ketoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase I, while the other subunit catalyses the reactions of EC, [acyl-carrier-protein] S-acetyltransferase, EC, [acyl-carrier-protein] S-malonyltransferase, EC, 3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] dehydratase, EC, enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase (NADPH, Si-specific) and EC, (R)-3-hydroxyacid-ester dehydrogenase. The enzyme system differs from the animal system (EC, fatty-acid synthase system) in that the enoyl reductase domain requires FMN as a cofactor, and the ultimate product is an acyl-CoA (usually palmitoyl-CoA) instead of a free fatty acid.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 94219-29-1
1.  Schweitzer, E., Kniep, B., Castorph, H. and Holzner, U. Pantetheine-free mutants of the yeast fatty-acid-synthetase complex. Eur. J. Biochem. 39 (1973) 353–362. [DOI] [PMID: 4590449]
2.  Wakil, S.J., Stoops, J.K. and Joshi, V.C. Fatty acid synthesis and its regulation. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 52 (1983) 537–579. [DOI] [PMID: 6137188]
3.  Tehlivets, O., Scheuringer, K. and Kohlwein, S.D. Fatty acid synthesis and elongation in yeast. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1771 (2007) 255–270. [DOI] [PMID: 16950653]
[EC created 1984, modified 2003, modified 2013, modified 2019]

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