Accepted name: protein S-acyltransferase
Reaction: palmitoyl-CoA + [protein]-L-cysteine = [protein]-S-palmitoyl-L-cysteine + CoA
Other name(s): DHHC palmitoyl transferase; S-protein acyltransferase; G-protein palmitoyltransferase
Systematic name: palmitoyl-CoA:[protein]-L-cysteine S-palmitoyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme catalyses the posttranslational protein palmitoylation that plays a role in protein-membrane interactions, protein trafficking, and enzyme activity. Palmitoylation increases the hydrophobicity of proteins or protein domains and contributes to their membrane association.
1.  Dunphy, J.T., Greentree, W.K., Manahan, C.L. and Linder, M.E. G-protein palmitoyltransferase activity is enriched in plasma membranes. J. Biol. Chem. 271 (1996) 7154–7159. [PMID: 8636152]
2.  Veit, M., Dietrich, L.E. and Ungermann, C. Biochemical characterization of the vacuolar palmitoyl acyltransferase. FEBS Lett. 540 (2003) 101–105. [PMID: 12681491]
3.  Batistic, O. Genomics and localization of the Arabidopsis DHHC-cysteine-rich domain S-acyltransferase protein family. Plant Physiol. 160 (2012) 1597–1612. [PMID: 22968831]
4.  Jennings, B.C. and Linder, M.E. DHHC protein S-acyltransferases use similar ping-pong kinetic mechanisms but display different acyl-CoA specificities. J. Biol. Chem. 287 (2012) 7236–7245. [PMID: 22247542]
5.  Zhou, L.Z., Li, S., Feng, Q.N., Zhang, Y.L., Zhao, X., Zeng, Y.L., Wang, H., Jiang, L. and Zhang, Y. Protein S-acyl transferase10 is critical for development and salt tolerance in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 25 (2013) 1093–1107. [PMID: 23482856]
[EC created 2013]

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