The Enzyme Database

Your query returned 1 entry.    printer_iconPrintable version

Accepted name: mycothiol synthase
Reaction: desacetylmycothiol + acetyl-CoA = CoA + mycothiol
For diagram of mycothiol biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: desacetylmycothiol = 1-O-[2-(L-cysteinamido)-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranosyl]-1D-myo-inositol
mycothiol = 1-O-[2-(N2-acetyl-L-cysteinamido)-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranosyl]-1D-myo-inositol
Other name(s): MshD
Systematic name: acetyl-CoA:desacetylmycothiol O-acetyltransferase
Comments: This enzyme catalyses the last step in the biosynthesis of mycothiol, the major thiol in most actinomycetes, including Mycobacterium [1]. The enzyme is a member of a large family of GCN5-related N-acetyltransferases (GNATs) [2]. The enzyme has been purified from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. Acetyl-CoA is the preferred CoA thioester but propionyl-CoA is also a substrate [3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Spies, H.S. and Steenkamp, D.J. Thiols of intracellular pathogens. Identification of ovothiol A in Leishmania donovani and structural analysis of a novel thiol from Mycobacterium bovis. Eur. J. Biochem. 224 (1994) 203–213. [DOI] [PMID: 8076641]
2.  Koledin, T., Newton, G.L. and Fahey, R.C. Identification of the mycothiol synthase gene (mshD) encoding the acetyltransferase producing mycothiol in actinomycetes. Arch. Microbiol. 178 (2002) 331–337. [DOI] [PMID: 12375100]
3.  Vetting, M.W., Roderick, S.L., Yu, M. and Blanchard, J.S. Crystal structure of mycothiol synthase (Rv0819) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis shows structural homology to the GNAT family of N-acetyltransferases. Protein Sci. 12 (2003) 1954–1959. [DOI] [PMID: 12930994]
[EC created 2010]

Data © 2001–2024 IUBMB
Web site © 2005–2024 Andrew McDonald