EC 2.1.1.282     
Accepted name: tRNAPhe 7-[(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)-4-demethylwyosine37-N4]-methyltransferase
Reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 7-[(3S)-(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)]-4-demethylwyosine37 in tRNAPhe = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 7-[(3S)-(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)]wyosine37 in tRNAPhe
Glossary: wyosine = 4,6-dimethyl-3-(β-D-ribofuranosyl)-3,4-dihydro-9H-imidazo[1,2-a]purin-9-one
wybutosine = yW = 7-{(3S)-4-methoxy-3-[(methoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-oxobutyl}-4,5-dimethyl-3-(β-D-ribofuranosyl)-3,4-dihydro-9H-imidazo[1,2-a]purin-9-one
Other name(s): TYW3 (gene name); tRNA-yW synthesizing enzyme-3
Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNAPhe 7-[(3S)-(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)-4-demethylwyosine-N4]-methyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of hypermodified tricyclic bases found at position 37 of certain tRNAs. These modifications are important for translational reading-frame maintenance. The enzyme is found in all eukaryotes and in some archaea, but not in bacteria. The eukaryotic enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of wybutosine.
References:
1.  Noma, A., Kirino, Y., Ikeuchi, Y. and Suzuki, T. Biosynthesis of wybutosine, a hyper-modified nucleoside in eukaryotic phenylalanine tRNA. EMBO J. 25 (2006) 2142–2154. [PMID: 16642040]
[EC 2.1.1.282 created 2013, modified 2014]
 
 


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