The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (quinone)
Reaction: NAD(P)H + H+ + a quinone = NAD(P)+ + a hydroquinone
For diagram of the vitamin K cycle, click here
Other name(s): menadione reductase; phylloquinone reductase; quinone reductase; dehydrogenase, reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate, quinone); DT-diaphorase; flavoprotein NAD(P)H-quinone reductase; menadione oxidoreductase; NAD(P)H dehydrogenase; NAD(P)H menadione reductase; NAD(P)H-quinone dehydrogenase; NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase; NAD(P)H: (quinone-acceptor)oxidoreductase; NAD(P)H: menadione oxidoreductase; NADH-menadione reductase; naphthoquinone reductase; p-benzoquinone reductase; reduced NAD(P)H dehydrogenase; viologen accepting pyridine nucleotide oxidoreductase; vitamin K reductase; diaphorase; reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) dehydrogenase; vitamin-K reductase; NAD(P)H2 dehydrogenase (quinone); NQO1; QR1; NAD(P)H:(quinone-acceptor) oxidoreductase
Systematic name: NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase
Comments: A flavoprotein. The enzyme catalyses a two-electron reduction and has a preference for short-chain acceptor quinones, such as ubiquinone, benzoquinone, juglone and duroquinone [6]. The animal, but not the plant, form of the enzyme is inhibited by dicoumarol.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9032-20-6
1.  di Prisco, G., Casola, L. and Giuditta, A. Purification and properties of a soluble reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) dehydrogenase from the hepatopancreas of Octopus vulgaris. Biochem. J. 105 (1967) 455–460. [PMID: 4171422]
2.  Giuditta, A. and Strecker, H.J. Purification and some properties of a brain diaphorase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 48 (1961) 10–19. [DOI] [PMID: 13705804]
3.  Märki, F. and Martius, C. Vitamin K-Reductase, Darsellung und Eigenschaften. Biochem. Z. 333 (1960) 111–135. [PMID: 13765127]
4.  Misaka, E. and Nakanishi, K. Studies on menadione reductase of bakers' yeast. I. Purification, crystallization and some properties. J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 53 (1963) 465–471.
5.  Wosilait, W.D. The reduction of vitamin K1 by an enzyme from dog liver. J. Biol. Chem. 235 (1960) 1196–1201. [PMID: 13846011]
6.  Sparla, F., Tedeschi, G. and Trost, P. NAD(P)H:(quinone-acceptor) oxidoreductase of tobacco leaves is a flavin mononucleotide-containing flavoenzyme. Plant Physiol. 112 (1996) 249–258. [PMID: 12226388]
7.  Braun, M., Bungert, S. and Friedrich, T. Characterization of the overproduced NADH dehydrogenase fragment of the NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) from Escherichia coli. Biochemistry 37 (1998) 1861–1867. [DOI] [PMID: 9485311]
8.  Jaiswal, A.K. Characterization and partial purification of microsomal NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductases. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 375 (2000) 62–68. [DOI] [PMID: 10683249]
9.  Li, R., Bianchet, M.A., Talalay, P. and Amzel, L.M. The three-dimensional structure of NAD(P)H:quinone reductase, a flavoprotein involved in cancer chemoprotection and chemotherapy: mechanism of the two-electron reduction. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92 (1995) 8846–8850. [DOI] [PMID: 7568029]
[EC created 1961, transferred 1965 to EC, transferred 2005 to EC]

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