The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: benzoyl-CoA reductase
Reaction: cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carbonyl-CoA + oxidized ferredoxin + 2 ADP + 2 phosphate = benzoyl-CoA + reduced ferredoxin + 2 ATP + 2 H2O
For diagram of Benzoyl-CoA catabolism, click here
Other name(s): benzoyl-CoA reductase (dearomatizing)
Systematic name: cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carbonyl-CoA:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (aromatizing, ATP-forming)
Comments: An iron-sulfur protein. Requires Mg2+ or Mn2+. Inactive towards aromatic acids that are not CoA esters but will also catalyse the reaction: ammonia + acceptor + 2 ADP + 2 phosphate = hydroxylamine + reduced acceptor + 2 ATP + H2O. In the presence of reduced acceptor, but in the absence of oxidizable substrate, the enzyme catalyses the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP plus phosphate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EAWAG-BBD, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 176591-18-7
1.  Boll, M. and Fuchs, G. Benzoyl-coenzyme A reductase (dearomatizing), a key enzyme of anaerobic aromatic metabolism. ATP dependence of the reaction, purification and some properties of the enzyme from Thauera aromatica strain K172. Eur. J. Biochem. 234 (1995) 921–933. [DOI] [PMID: 8575453]
2.  Kung, J.W., Baumann, S., von Bergen, M., Muller, M., Hagedoorn, P.L., Hagen, W.R. and Boll, M. Reversible biological Birch reduction at an extremely low redox potential. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132 (2010) 9850–9856. [DOI] [PMID: 20578740]
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