The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: glycine reductase
Reaction: acetyl phosphate + NH3 + thioredoxin disulfide + H2O = glycine + phosphate + thioredoxin
For diagram of possible mechanism, click here
Systematic name: acetyl-phosphate ammonia:thioredoxin disulfide oxidoreductase (glycine-forming)
Comments: The reaction is observed only in the direction of glycine reduction. The enzyme from Eubacterium acidaminophilum consists of subunits A, B and C. Subunit B contains selenocysteine and a pyruvoyl group, and is responsible for glycine binding and ammonia release. Subunit A, which also contains selenocysteine, is reduced by thioredoxin, and is needed to convert the carboxymethyl group into a ketene equivalent, in turn used by subunit C to produce acetyl phosphate. Only subunit B distinguishes this enzyme from EC (sarcosine reductase) and EC (betaine reductase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 39307-24-9
1.  Wagner, M., Sonntag, D., Grimm, R., Pich, A. Eckerskorn, C., Söhling, B. and Andreesen, J.R. Substrate-specific selenoprotein B of glycine reductase from Eubacterium acidaminophilum. Eur. J. Biochem. 260 (1999) 38–49. [DOI] [PMID: 10091582]
2.  Bednarski, B., Andreesen, J.R. and Pich, A. In vitro processing of the proproteins GrdE of protein B of glycine reductase and PrdA of D-proline reductase from Clostridium sticklandii: formation of a pyruvoyl group from a cysteine residue. Eur. J. Biochem. 268 (2001) 3538–3544. [DOI] [PMID: 11422384]
[EC created 2003]

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