The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: aldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase
Reaction: an aldehyde + H2O + 2 oxidized ferredoxin = a carboxylate + 2 H+ + 2 reduced ferredoxin
Other name(s): AOR
Systematic name: aldehyde:ferredoxin oxidoreductase
Comments: This is an oxygen-sensitive enzyme that contains tungsten-molybdopterin and iron-sulfur clusters. Catalyses the oxidation of aldehydes (including crotonaldehyde, acetaldehyde, formaldehyde and glyceraldehyde) to their corresponding acids. However, it does not oxidize glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate [see EC, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (ferredoxin)]. Can use ferredoxin or methyl viologen but not NAD(P)+ as electron acceptor.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 138066-90-7
1.  Mukund, S. and Adams, M.W.W. The novel tungsten-iron-sulfur protein of the hyperthermophilic archaebacterium, Pyrococcus furiosus, is an aldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase - evidence for its participation in a unique glycolytic pathway. J. Biol. Chem. 266 (1991) 14208–14216. [PMID: 1907273]
2.  Johnson, J.L., Rajagopalan, K.V., Mukund, S. and Adams, M.W.W. Identification of molybdopterin as the organic-component of the tungsten cofactor in four enzymes from hyperthermophilic archaea. J. Biol. Chem. 268 (1993) 4848–4852. [PMID: 8444863]
3.  Chan, M.K., Mukund, S., Kletzin, A., Adams, M.W.W. and Rees, D.C. Structure of a hyperthermophilic tungstopterin enzyme, aldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase. Science 267 (1995) 1463–1469. [DOI] [PMID: 7878465]
4.  Roy, R., Menon, A.L. and Adams, M.W.W. Aldehyde oxidoreductases from Pyrococcus furiosus. Methods Enzymol. 331 (2001) 132–144. [DOI] [PMID: 11265456]
[EC created 2003]

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