The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: succinylglutamate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase
Reaction: N-succinyl-L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde + NAD+ + H2O = N-succinyl-L-glutamate + NADH + 2 H+
For diagram of arginine catabolism, click here
Other name(s): succinylglutamic semialdehyde dehydrogenase; N-succinylglutamate 5-semialdehyde dehydrogenase; SGSD; AruD; AstD
Systematic name: N-succinyl-L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde:NAD+ oxidoreductase
Comments: This is the fourth enzyme in the arginine succinyltransferase (AST) pathway for the catabolism of arginine [1]. This pathway converts the carbon skeleton of arginine into glutamate, with the concomitant production of ammonia and conversion of succinyl-CoA into succinate and CoA. The five enzymes involved in this pathway are EC (arginine N-succinyltransferase), EC (N-succinylarginine dihydrolase), EC (acetylornithine transaminase), EC (succinylglutamate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase) and EC (succinylglutamate desuccinylase) [3,6].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Vander Wauven, C., Jann, A., Haas, D., Leisinger, T. and Stalon, V. N2-succinylornithine in ornithine catabolism of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Arch. Microbiol. 150 (1988) 400–404. [PMID: 3144259]
2.  Vander Wauven, C. and Stalon, V. Occurrence of succinyl derivatives in the catabolism of arginine in Pseudomonas cepacia. J. Bacteriol. 164 (1985) 882–886. [PMID: 2865249]
3.  Tricot, C., Vander Wauven, C., Wattiez, R., Falmagne, P. and Stalon, V. Purification and properties of a succinyltransferase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa specific for both arginine and ornithine. Eur. J. Biochem. 224 (1994) 853–861. [DOI] [PMID: 7523119]
4.  Itoh, Y. Cloning and characterization of the aru genes encoding enzymes of the catabolic arginine succinyltransferase pathway in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J. Bacteriol. 179 (1997) 7280–7290. [DOI] [PMID: 9393691]
5.  Schneider, B.L., Kiupakis, A.K. and Reitzer, L.J. Arginine catabolism and the arginine succinyltransferase pathway in Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 180 (1998) 4278–4286. [PMID: 9696779]
6.  Cunin, R., Glansdorff, N., Pierard, A. and Stalon, V. Biosynthesis and metabolism of arginine in bacteria. Microbiol. Rev. 50 (1986) 314–352. [PMID: 3534538]
7.  Cunin, R., Glansdorff, N., Pierard, A. and Stalon, V. Erratum report: Biosynthesis and metabolism of arginine in bacteria. Microbiol. Rev. 51 (1987) 178. [PMID: 16350242]
[EC created 2006]

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