The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: epoxyqueuosine reductase
Reaction: queuosine34 in tRNA + acceptor + H2O = epoxyqueuosine34 in tRNA + reduced acceptor
For diagram of queuine biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: queuine = base Q = 2-amino-5-({[(1S,4S,5R)-4,5-dihydroxycyclopent-2-en-1-yl]amino}methyl)-1,7-dihydropyrrolo[3,2-e]pyrimidin-4-one
epoxyqueine = base oQ
Other name(s): oQ reductase; queG (gene name); queH (gene name)
Systematic name: queuosine34 in tRNA:acceptor oxidoreductase
Comments: This enzyme catalyses the last step in the bacterial biosynthetic pathway to queuosine, the modified guanosine base in the wobble position in tRNAs specific for Tyr, His, Asp or Asn. Two types of enzymes are known to catalyse this activity. QueG enzymes are cobalamin-dependent, while QueH enzymes contain a [4Fe-4S] metallocluster along with an adjacent coordinated iron metal.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, Gene, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Miles, Z.D., McCarty, R.M., Molnar, G. and Bandarian, V. Discovery of epoxyqueuosine (oQ) reductase reveals parallels between halorespiration and tRNA modification. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108 (2011) 7368–7372. [DOI] [PMID: 21502530]
2.  Zallot, R., Ross, R., Chen, W.H., Bruner, S.D., Limbach, P.A. and De Crecy-Lagard, V. Identification of a novel epoxyqueuosine reductase family by comparative genomics. ACS Chem. Biol. 12 (2017) 844–851. [DOI] [PMID: 28128549]
3.  Li, Q., Zallot, R., MacTavish, B.S., Montoya, A., Payan, D.J., Hu, Y., Gerlt, J.A., Angerhofer, A., de Crecy-Lagard, V. and Bruner, S.D. Epoxyqueuosine reductase QueH in the biosynthetic pathway to tRNA queuosine is a unique metalloenzyme. Biochemistry 60 (2021) 3152–3161. [DOI] [PMID: 34652139]
[EC created 2014]

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