The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: palmitoyl-CoA 14-(E/Z)-desaturase
Reaction: (1) palmitoyl-CoA + 2 ferrocytochrome b5 + O2 + 2 H+ = (14E)-hexadec-14-enoyl-CoA + 2 ferricytochrome b5 + 2 H2O
(2) palmitoyl-CoA + 2 ferrocytochrome b5 + O2 + 2 H+ = (14Z)-hexadec-14-enoyl-CoA + 2 ferricytochrome b5 + 2 H2O
Systematic name: palmitoyl-CoA,ferrocytochrome b5:oxygen oxidoreductase (14,15 cis/trans-dehydrogenating)
Comments: The enzyme, found in the moth Ostrinia furnacalis (Asian corn borer), produces a mixture of (E)- and (Z)- isomers. The products are subsequently truncated by partial β-oxidation to a blend of 12(E/Z)-tetradec-12-enoyl-CoA, which are converted to the species-specific sex pheromones (E)- and (Z)-tetradec-12-enoyl acetates.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Roelofs, W.L., Liu, W., Hao, G., Jiao, H., Rooney, A.P. and Linn, C.E., Jr. Evolution of moth sex pheromones via ancestral genes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99 (2002) 13621–13626. [DOI] [PMID: 12237399]
2.  Xue, B., Rooney, A.P., Kajikawa, M., Okada, N. and Roelofs, W.L. Novel sex pheromone desaturases in the genomes of corn borers generated through gene duplication and retroposon fusion. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104 (2007) 4467–4472. [DOI] [PMID: 17360547]
3.  Sakai, R., Fukuzawa, M., Nakano, R., Tatsuki, S. and Ishikawa, Y. Alternative suppression of transcription from two desaturase genes is the key for species-specific sex pheromone biosynthesis in two Ostrinia moths. Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. 39 (2009) 62–67. [DOI] [PMID: 18992816]
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