EC 1.14.14.82     
Accepted name: flavonoid 3′-monooxygenase
Reaction: a flavonoid + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = a 3′-hydroxyflavonoid + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + H2O
Other name(s): CYP75B1 (gene name); flavonoid 3′-hydroxylase; flavonoid 3-hydroxylase (incorrect); NADPH:flavonoid-3′-hydroxylase (incorrect); flavonoid 3-monooxygenase (incorrect)
Systematic name: flavonoid,[reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (3′-hydroxylating)
Comments: A cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) protein found in plants. Acts on a number of flavonoids, including the flavanone naringenin and the flavone apigenin. Does not act on 4-coumarate or 4-coumaroyl-CoA.
References:
1.  Forkmann, G., Heller, W. and Grisebach, H. Anthocyanin biosynthesis in flowers of Matthiola incana flavanone 3- and flavonoid 3′-hydroxylases. Z. Naturforsch. C: Biosci. 35 (1980) 691–695.
2.  Brugliera, F., Barri-Rewell, G., Holton, T.A. and Mason, J.G. Isolation and characterization of a flavonoid 3′-hydroxylase cDNA clone corresponding to the Ht1 locus of Petunia hybrida. Plant J. 19 (1999) 441–451. [PMID: 10504566]
3.  Schoenbohm, C., Martens, S., Eder, C., Forkmann, G. and Weisshaar, B. Identification of the Arabidopsis thaliana flavonoid 3′-hydroxylase gene and functional expression of the encoded P450 enzyme. Biol. Chem. 381 (2000) 749–753. [PMID: 11030432]
[EC 1.14.14.82 created 1983 as EC 1.14.13.21, transferred 2018 to EC 1.14.14.82]
 
 


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