Accepted name: (R)-limonene 6-monooxygenase
Reaction: (R)-limonene + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = (+)-trans-carveol + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + H2O
Glossary: limonene = a monoterpenoid
(R)-limonene = (+)-limonene
Other name(s): (+)-limonene-6-hydroxylase; (+)-limonene 6-monooxygenase
Systematic name: (R)-limonene,[reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (6-hydroxylating)
Comments: The reaction is stereospecific with over 95% yield of (+)-trans-carveol from (R)-limonene. (S)-Limonene, the substrate for EC, (S)-limonene 6-monooxygenase, is not a substrate. Forms part of the carvone biosynthesis pathway in Carum carvi (caraway) seeds.
1.  Bouwmeester, H.J., Gershenzon, J., Konings, M.C.J.M. and Croteau, R. Biosynthesis of the monoterpenes limonene and carvone in the fruit of caraway. I. Demonstration of enzyme activities and their changes with development. Plant Physiol. 117 (1998) 901–912. [PMID: 9662532]
2.  Bouwmeester, H.J., Konings, M.C.J.M., Gershenzon, J., Karp, F. and Croteau, R. Cytochrome P-450 dependent (+)-limonene-6-hydroxylation in fruits of caraway (Carum carvi). Phytochemistry 50 (1999) 243–248.
[EC created 2003 as EC, transferred 2017 to EC]

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