Accepted name: bacterial luciferase
Reaction: a long-chain aldehyde + FMNH2 + O2 = a long-chain fatty acid + FMN + H2O +
Other name(s): aldehyde monooxygenase; luciferase; Vibrio fischeri luciferase; alkanal,reduced-FMN:oxygen oxidoreductase (1-hydroxylating, luminescing); alkanal,FMNH2:oxygen oxidoreductase (1-hydroxylating, luminescing); alkanal monooxygenase (FMN); aldehyde,FMNH2:oxygen oxidoreductase (1-hydroxylating, luminescing)
Systematic name: long-chain-aldehyde,FMNH2:oxygen oxidoreductase (1-hydroxylating, luminescing)
Comments: The reaction sequence starts with the incorporation of a molecule of oxygen into reduced FMN bound to the enzyme, forming luciferase peroxyflavin. The peroxyflavin interacts with an aliphatic long-chain aldehyde, producing a highly fluorescent species believed to be luciferase hydroxyflavin. The enzyme is highly specific for reduced FMN and for long-chain aliphatic aldehydes with eight carbons or more. The highest efficiency is achieved with tetradecanal. cf. EC, dinoflagellate luciferase.
1.  Hastings, J.W. and Nealson, K.H. Bacterial bioluminescence. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 31 (1977) 549–595. [PMID: 199107]
2.  Hastings, J.W. Bacterial bioluminescence light emission in the mixed function oxidation of reduced flavin and fatty aldehyde. Crit. Rev. Biochem. 5 (1978) 163–184. [PMID: 363350]
3.  Hastings, J.W. and Presswood, R.P. Bacterial luciferase: FMNH2-aldehyde oxidase. Methods Enzymol. 53 (1978) 558–570. [PMID: 309549]
4.  Nealson, K.H. and Hastings, J.W. Bacterial bioluminescence: its control and ecological significance. Microbiol. Rev. 43 (1979) 496–518. [PMID: 396467]
5.  Suzuki, K., Kaidoh, T., Katagiri, M. and Tsuchiya, T. O2 incorporation into a long-chain fatty-acid during bacterial luminescence. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 722 (1983) 297–301.
6.  Kurfurst, M., Ghisla, S. and Hastings, J.W. Characterization and postulated structure of the primary emitter in the bacterial luciferase reaction. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81 (1984) 2990–2994. [PMID: 16593462]
[EC created 1981, modified 2016]