The Enzyme Database

Your query returned 1 entry.    printer_iconPrintable version

Accepted name: steroid 22S-hydroxylase
Reaction: (1) a C27-steroid + O2 + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] = a (22S)-22-hydroxy-C27-steroid + 2 H2O + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]
(2) a C28-steroid + O2 + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] = a (22S)-22-hydroxy-C28-steroid + 2 H2O + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]
(3) a C29-steroid + O2 + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] = a (22S)-22-hydroxy-C29-steroid + 2 H2O + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]
Other name(s): CYP90B1 (gene name); DWF4 (gene name); steroid C-22 hydroxylase
Systematic name: steroid,NADPH—hemoprotein reductase:oxygen 22S-oxidoreductase (hydroxylating)
Comments: This plant cytochrome P-450 (heme thiolate) enzyme participates in the biosynthesis of brassinosteroids. While in vivo substrates include C28-steroids such as campestanol, campesterol, and 6-oxocampestanol, the enzyme is able to catalyse the C-22 hydroxylation of a variety of C27, C28 and C29 steroids.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Asami, T., Mizutani, M., Fujioka, S., Goda, H., Min, Y.K., Shimada, Y., Nakano, T., Takatsuto, S., Matsuyama, T., Nagata, N., Sakata, K. and Yoshida, S. Selective interaction of triazole derivatives with DWF4, a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase of the brassinosteroid biosynthetic pathway, correlates with brassinosteroid deficiency in planta. J. Biol. Chem. 276 (2001) 25687–25691. [DOI] [PMID: 11319239]
2.  Choe, S., Fujioka, S., Noguchi, T., Takatsuto, S., Yoshida, S. and Feldmann, K.A. Overexpression of DWARF4 in the brassinosteroid biosynthetic pathway results in increased vegetative growth and seed yield in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 26 (2001) 573–582. [DOI] [PMID: 11489171]
3.  Asami, T., Mizutani, M., Shimada, Y., Goda, H., Kitahata, N., Sekimata, K., Han, S.Y., Fujioka, S., Takatsuto, S., Sakata, K. and Yoshida, S. Triadimefon, a fungicidal triazole-type P450 inhibitor, induces brassinosteroid deficiency-like phenotypes in plants and binds to DWF4 protein in the brassinosteroid biosynthesis pathway. Biochem. J. 369 (2003) 71–76. [DOI] [PMID: 12350224]
4.  Fujita, S., Ohnishi, T., Watanabe, B., Yokota, T., Takatsuto, S., Fujioka, S., Yoshida, S., Sakata, K. and Mizutani, M. Arabidopsis CYP90B1 catalyses the early C-22 hydroxylation of C27, C28 and C29 sterols. Plant J. 45 (2006) 765–774. [DOI] [PMID: 16460510]
5.  Ohnishi, T., Watanabe, B., Sakata, K. and Mizutani, M. CYP724B2 and CYP90B3 function in the early C-22 hydroxylation steps of brassinosteroid biosynthetic pathway in tomato. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 70 (2006) 2071–2080. [DOI] [PMID: 16960392]
[EC created 2022]

Data © 2001–2024 IUBMB
Web site © 2005–2024 Andrew McDonald