Accepted name: 5a,11a-dehydrotetracycline 5-monooxygenase
Reaction: 5a,11a-dehydrotetracycline + NADPH + H+ + O2 = 5a,11a-dehydrooxytetracycline + NADP+ + H2O
Glossary: 5a,11a-dehydrotetracycline = 12-dehydrotetracycline = (4S,4aS,6S,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3,6,10,12a-tetrahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11,12-trioxo-1,4,4a,5,6,11,12,12a-octahydrotetracene-2-carboxamide
Other name(s): oxyS (gene name); 12-dehydrotetracycline 5-monooxygenase
Systematic name: 5a,11a-dehydrotetracycline,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (5-hydroxylating)
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Streptomyces rimosus, is bifunctional, catalysing two successive monooxygenation reactions. It starts by catalysing the stereospecific hydroxylation of anhydrotetracycline at C-6 (EC If the released product is captured by EC, 5a,11a-dehydrotetracycline dehydrogenase (OxyR), it is reduced to tetracycline. However, if the released product is recaptured by OxyS, it performs an additional hydroxylation at C-5, producing 5a,11a-dehydrooxytetracycline, which, following the action of OxyR, becomes oxytetracycline.
1.  Binnie, C., Warren, M. and Butler, M.J. Cloning and heterologous expression in Streptomyces lividans of Streptomyces rimosus genes involved in oxytetracycline biosynthesis. J. Bacteriol. 171 (1989) 887–895. [PMID: 2914874]
2.  Miller, P.A., Saturnelli, A., Martin, J.H., Itscher, L.A. and Bohonos, N. A new family of tetracycline precursors. N-demethylanhydrotetracyclines. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 16 (1964) 285–291. [PMID: 4959040]
3.  Vancurova, I., Volc, J., Flieger, M., Neuzil, J., Novotna, J., Vlach, J. and Behal, V. Isolation of pure anhydrotetracycline oxygenase from Streptomyces aureofaciens. Biochem. J. 253 (1988) 263–267. [PMID: 3138982]
4.  Wang, P., Bashiri, G., Gao, X., Sawaya, M.R. and Tang, Y. Uncovering the enzymes that catalyze the final steps in oxytetracycline biosynthesis. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135 (2013) 7138–7141. [PMID: 23621493]
[EC created 2016]

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