Accepted name: glutathione peroxidase
Reaction: 2 glutathione + H2O2 = glutathione disulfide + 2 H2O
Other name(s): GSH peroxidase; selenium-glutathione peroxidase; reduced glutathione peroxidase
Systematic name: glutathione:hydrogen-peroxide oxidoreductase
Comments: A protein containing a selenocysteine residue. Steroid and lipid hydroperoxides, but not the product of reaction of EC lipoxygenase on phospholipids, can act as acceptor, but more slowly than H2O2 (cf. EC phospholipid-hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase).
1.  Chaudiere, J. and Tappel, A.L. Purification and characterization of selenium-glutathione peroxidase from hamster liver. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 226 (1983) 448–457. [PMID: 6227287]
2.  Grossmann, A. and Wendel, A. Non-reactivity of the selenoenzyme glutathione peroxidase with enzymatically hydroperoxidized phospholipids. Eur. J. Biochem. 135 (1983) 549–552. [PMID: 6413205]
3.  Nakamura, W., Hosoda, S. and Hayashi, K. Purification and properties of rat liver glutathione peroxidase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 358 (1974) 251–261.
[EC created 1965, modified 1989]

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