Accepted name: 2-(R)-hydroxypropyl-CoM dehydrogenase
Reaction: 2-(R)-hydroxypropyl-CoM + NAD+ = 2-oxopropyl-CoM + NADH + H+
Glossary: coenzyme M (CoM) = 2-sulfanylethane-1-sulfonate = 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (deprecated)
Other name(s): 2-(2-(R)-hydroxypropylthio)ethanesulfonate dehydrogenase; 2-[2-(R)-hydroxypropylthio]ethanesulfonate:NAD+ oxidoreductase
Systematic name: 2-{[(2R)-2-hydroxypropyl]sulfanyl}ethane-1-sulfonate:NAD+ oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme is highly specific for (R)-2-hydroxyalkyl thioethers of CoM, in contrast to EC, 2-(S)-hydroxypropyl-CoM dehydrogenase, which is highly specific for the (S)-enantiomer. This enzyme forms component III of a four-component enzyme system (comprising EC [2-hydroxypropyl-CoM lyase; component I], EC [2-oxopropyl-CoM reductase (carboxylating); component II], EC [2-(R)-hydroxypropyl-CoM dehydrogenase; component III] and EC [2-(S)-hydroxypropyl-CoM dehydrogenase; component IV]) that is involved in epoxyalkane carboxylation in Xanthobacter sp. strain Py2.
1.  Allen, J.R., Clark, D.D., Krum, J.G. and Ensign, S.A. A role for coenzyme M (2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid) in a bacterial pathway of aliphatic epoxide carboxylation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96 (1999) 8432–8437. [PMID: 10411892]
[EC created 2001]