EC 6.2.1.41     
Accepted name: 3-[(3aS,4S,7aS)-7a-methyl-1,5-dioxo-octahydro-1H-inden-4-yl]propanoate—CoA ligase
Reaction: ATP + 3-[(3aS,4S,7aS)-7a-methyl-1,5-dioxo-octahydro-1H-inden-4-yl]propanoate + CoA = AMP + diphosphate + 3-[(3aS,4S,7aS)-7a-methyl-1,5-dioxo-octahydro-1H-inden-4-yl]propanoyl-CoA
Glossary: 3-[(3aS,4S,7aS)-7a-methyl-1,5-dioxo-octahydro-1H-inden-4-yl]propanoate = HIP
Other name(s): fadD3 (gene name); HIP—CoA ligase
Systematic name: 3-[(3aS,4S,7aS)-7a-methyl-1,5-dioxo-octahydro-1H-inden-4-yl]propanoate:CoA ligase (AMP-forming)
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from actinobacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, catalyses a step in the degradation of cholesterol and cholate. The enzyme is very specific for its substrate, and requires that the side chain at C17 is completely removed.
References:
1.  Horinouchi, M., Hayashi, T., Koshino, H. and Kudo, T. ORF18-disrupted mutant of Comamonas testosteroni TA441 accumulates significant amounts of 9,17-dioxo-1,2,3,4,10,19-hexanorandrostan-5-oic acid and its derivatives after incubation with steroids. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. 101 (2006) 78–84. [PMID: 16891113]
2.  Casabon, I., Crowe, A.M., Liu, J. and Eltis, L.D. FadD3 is an acyl-CoA synthetase that initiates catabolism of cholesterol rings C and D in actinobacteria. Mol. Microbiol. 87 (2013) 269–283. [PMID: 23146019]
[EC 6.2.1.41 created 2014]
 
 


Data © 2001–2018 IUBMB
Web site © 2005–2018 Andrew McDonald