||The enzyme is involved in the pathway for bacterial cell-wall peptidoglycan and lipopolysaccharide biosyntheses, being an essential step in the pathway for UDP-N-acetylglucosamine biosynthesis. The enzyme from Escherichia coli is activated by phosphorylation and can be autophosphorylated in vitro by α-D-glucosamine 1,6-bisphosphate, which is an intermediate in the reaction, α-D-glucose 1,6-bisphosphate or ATP. It can also catalyse the interconversion of α-D-glucose 1-phosphate and glucose 6-phosphate, although at a much lower rate.
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