The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.6.1.14     
Accepted name: glycosylphosphatidylinositol diacylglycerol-lyase
Reaction: 6-(α-D-glucosaminyl)-1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol = 6-(α-D-glucosaminyl)-1D-myo-inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol
For diagram of glycosylphosphatidyl-myo-inositol biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): (glycosyl)phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C; GPI-PLC; GPI-specific phospholipase C; VSG-lipase; glycosyl inositol phospholipid anchor-hydrolyzing enzyme; glycosylphosphatidylinositol-phospholipase C; glycosylphosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C; variant-surface-glycoprotein phospholipase C; 6-(α-D-glucosaminyl)-1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol diacylglycerol-lyase (1,2-cyclic-phosphate-forming)
Systematic name: 6-(α-D-glucosaminyl)-1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol-lyase [6-(α-D-glucosaminyl)-1D-myo-inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate-forming]
Comments: This enzyme is also active when O-4 of the glucosamine is substituted by carrying the oligosaccharide that can link a protein to the structure. It therefore cleaves proteins from the lipid part of the glycosylphostphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors. In some cases, the long-chain acyl group at the sn-1 position of glycerol is replaced by an alkyl or alk-1-enyl group. In other cases, the diacylglycerol is replaced by ceramide (see Lip-1.4 and Lip-1.5 for definition). The only characterized enzyme with this specificity is from Trypanosoma brucei, where the acyl groups are myristoyl, but the function of the trypanosome enzyme is unknown. Substitution on O-2 of the inositol blocks action of this enzyme. It is not identical with EC 3.1.4.50, glycosylphosphatidylinositol phospholipase D.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 129070-68-4
References:
1.  Hereld, D., Krakow, J.L., Bangs, J.D., Hart, G.W. and Englund, P.T. A phospholipase C from Trypanosoma brucei which selectively cleaves the glycolipid on the variant surface glycoprotein. J. Biol. Chem. 261 (1986) 13813–13819. [PMID: 3759991]
2.  Carnall, N., Webb, H. and Carrington, M. Mutagenesis study of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol phospholipase C of Trypanosoma brucei. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 90 (1997) 423–432. [PMID: 9476790]
3.  Armah, D.A. and Mensa-Wilmot, K. Tetramerization of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C from Trypanosoma brucei. J. Biol. Chem. 275 (2000) 19334–19342. [PMID: 10764777]
[EC 4.6.1.14 created 1989 as EC 3.1.4.47, transferred 2002 to EC 4.6.1.14]
 
 


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