The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.4.1.25     
Accepted name: L-cysteate sulfo-lyase
Reaction: L-cysteate + H2O = hydrogensulfite + pyruvate + NH3 (overall reaction)
(1a) L-cysteate = hydrogensulfite + 2-aminoprop-2-enoate
(1b) 2-aminoprop-2-enoate = 2-iminopropanoate (spontaneous)
(1c) 2-iminopropanoate + H2O = pyruvate + NH3 (spontaneous)
Glossary: L-cysteate = (2S)-2-amino-3-sulfopropanoate
Other name(s): L-cysteate sulfo-lyase (deaminating); CuyA; L-cysteate bisulfite-lyase (deaminating; pyruvate-forming)
Systematic name: L-cysteate hydrogensulfite-lyase (deaminating; pyruvate-forming)
Comments: A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. The enzyme cleaves a carbon-sulfur bond, releasing hydrogensulfite and an unstable enamine product that tautomerizes to an imine form, which undergoes a hydrolytic deamination to form pyruvate and ammonia. The latter reaction, which can occur spontaneously, can also be catalysed by EC 3.5.99.10, 2-iminobutanoate/2-iminopropanoate deaminase. D-Cysteine can also act as a substrate, but more slowly. It is converted into hydrogen sulfide, pyruvate, and ammonia. This inducible enzyme from the marine bacterium Silicibacter pomeroyi DSS-3 forms part of the cysteate-degradation pathway.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Denger, K., Smits, T.H.M. and Cook, A.M. L-Cysteate sulpho-lyase, a widespread pyridoxal 5′-phosphate-coupled desulphonative enzyme purified from Silicibacter pomeroyi DSS-3(T). Biochem. J. 394 (2006) 657–664. [PMID: 16302849]
[EC 4.4.1.25 created 2006]
 
 


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