Requires Mg2+. In Aquilaria crassna three clones of the enzyme gave about 80% δ-guaiene and 20% α-guaiene (see also EC 188.8.131.52). A fourth clone gave 54% δ-guaiene and 45% α-guaiene .
The enzyme from Pogostemon cablin gives 13% δ-guaiene as well as 37% (-)-patchoulol (see EC 184.108.40.206), 13% α-guaiene (see EC 220.127.116.11), and traces of at least ten other sesquiterpenoids .
Deguerry, F., Pastore, L., Wu, S., Clark, A., Chappell, J. and Schalk, M. The diverse sesquiterpene profile of patchouli, Pogostemon cablin, is correlated with a limited number of sesquiterpene synthases. Arch. Biochem. Biophys.454 (2006) 123–136. [DOI] [PMID: 16970904]
Kumeta, Y. and Ito, M. Characterization of δ-guaiene synthases from cultured cells of Aquilaria, responsible for the formation of the sesquiterpenes in agarwood. Plant Physiol.154 (2010) 1998–2007. [DOI] [PMID: 20959422]