The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: α-santalene synthase
Reaction: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate = (+)-α-santalene + diphosphate
For diagram of santalene and bergamotene biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: (-)-exo-α-bergamotene = (-)-trans-α-bergamotene = (1S,5S,6R)-2,6-dimethyl-6-(4-methylpent-3-en-1-yl)bicyclo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
Systematic name: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate lyase (cyclizing, (+)-α-santalene-forming)
Comments: The enzyme synthesizes a mixture of sesquiterpenoids from (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate. As well as (+)-α-santalene, (-)-β-santalene and (-)-exo-α-bergamotene are formed with traces of (+)-epi-β-santalene. See EC [(-)-β-santalene synthase], and EC [(-)-exo-α-bergamotene synthase]. cf. EC α-santalene synthase [(2Z,6Z)-farnesyl diphosphate cyclizing]
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Jones, C.G., Moniodis, J., Zulak, K.G., Scaffidi, A., Plummer, J.A., Ghisalberti, E.L., Barbour, E.L. and Bohlmann, J. Sandalwood fragrance biosynthesis involves sesquiterpene synthases of both the terpene synthase (TPS)-a and TPS-b subfamilies, including santalene synthases. J. Biol. Chem. 286 (2011) 17445–17454. [PMID: 21454632]
[EC created 2011]

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