The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.2.3.75     
Accepted name: (-)-germacrene D synthase
Reaction: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate = (-)-germacrene D + diphosphate
For diagram of gurjunene, patchoulol and selinene biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: (-)-germacrene D = (1E,6E,8S)-1-methyl-5-methylidene-8-(propan-2-yl)cyclodeca-1,6-diene
Systematic name: (2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase [(-)-germacrene-D-forming]
Comments: In Solidago canadensis the biosynthesis results in the pro-R hydrogen at C-1 of the farnesy diphosphate ending up at C-11 of the (-)-germacrene D [1]. With Streptomyces coelicolor the pro-S hydrogen at C-1 ends up at C-11 of the (-)-germacrene D [2].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Schmidt, C.O., Bouwmeester, H.J., Franke, S. and König, W.A. Mechanisms of the biosynthesis of sesquiterpene enantiomers (+)- and (-)-germacrene D in Solidago canadensis. Chirality 11 (1999) 353–362.
2.  He, X. and Cane, D.E. Mechanism and stereochemistry of the germacradienol/germacrene D synthase of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126 (2004) 2678–2679. [PMID: 14995166]
3.  Lucker, J., Bowen, P. and Bohlmann, J. Vitis vinifera terpenoid cyclases: functional identification of two sesquiterpene synthase cDNAs encoding (+)-valencene synthase and (-)-germacrene D synthase and expression of mono- and sesquiterpene synthases in grapevine flowers and berries. Phytochemistry 65 (2004) 2649–2659. [PMID: 15464152]
4.  Prosser, I., Altug, I.G., Phillips, A.L., Konig, W.A., Bouwmeester, H.J. and Beale, M.H. Enantiospecific (+)- and (-)-germacrene D synthases, cloned from goldenrod, reveal a functionally active variant of the universal isoprenoid-biosynthesis aspartate-rich motif. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 432 (2004) 136–144. [PMID: 15542052]
[EC 4.2.3.75 created 2011]
 
 


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