The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.2.3.19     
Accepted name: ent-kaurene synthase
Reaction: ent-copalyl diphosphate = ent-kaurene + diphosphate
For diagram of the biosynthesis of copalyl diphosphate, abietadiene and ent-kaurene, click here
Other name(s): ent-kaurene synthase B; ent-kaurene synthetase B, ent-copalyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase (cyclizing)
Systematic name: ent-copalyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase (cyclizing, ent-kaurene-forming)
Comments: Part of a bifunctional enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of ent-kaurene. See also EC 5.5.1.13 (ent-copalyl diphosphate synthase)
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 9055-64-5
References:
1.  Fall, R.R., West, C.A. Purification and properties of kaurene synthetase from Fusarium moniliforme. J. Biol. Chem. 246 (1971) 6913–6928. [PMID: 4331199]
2.  Yamaguchi, S., Saito, T., Abe, H., Yamane, H., Murofushi, N. and Kamiya, Y. Molecular cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding the gibberellin biosynthetic enzyme ent-kaurene synthase B from pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima L.). Plant J. 10 (1996) 203–213. [PMID: 8771778]
3.  Kawaide, H., Imai, R., Sassa, T. and Kamiya, Y. Ent-kaurene synthase from the fungus Phaeosphaeria sp. L487. cDNA isolation, characterization, and bacterial expression of a bifunctional diterpene cyclase in fungal gibberellin biosynthesis. J. Biol. Chem. 272 (1997) 21706–21712. [PMID: 9268298]
4.  Toyomasu, T., Kawaide, H., Ishizaki, A., Shinoda, S., Otsuka, M., Mitsuhashi, W. and Sassa, T. Cloning of a full-length cDNA encoding ent-kaurene synthase from Gibberella fujikuroi: functional analysis of a bifunctional diterpene cyclase. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 64 (2000) 660–664. [PMID: 10803977]
[EC 4.2.3.19 created 2002]
 
 


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