The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: myrcene synthase
Reaction: geranyl diphosphate = myrcene + diphosphate
For diagram of monoterpenoid biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: myrcene = 7-methyl-3-methyleneocta-1,6-diene and is a monoterpenoid
Systematic name: geranyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase (myrcene-forming)
Comments: A recombinant enzyme (also known as a monoterpene synthase or cyclase) from the grand fir (Abies grandis) requires Mn2+ and K+ for activity. Mg2+ is essentially ineffective as the divalent metal ion cofactor.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 197462-59-2
1.  Bohlmann, J., Steele, C.L. and Croteau, R. Monoterpene synthases from grand fir (Abies grandis). cDNA isolation, characterization, and functional expression of myrcene synthase, (-)-(4S)-limonene synthase, and (-)-(1S,5S)-pinene synthase. J. Biol. Chem. 272 (1997) 21784–21792. [PMID: 9268308]
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