The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.2.1.79     
Accepted name: 2-methylcitrate dehydratase
Reaction: (2S,3S)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate = (Z)-but-2-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylate + H2O
Glossary: (2S,3S)-2-methylcitrate = (2S,3S)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate
cis-2-methylaconitate = (Z)-but-2-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylate
Other name(s): 2-methylcitrate hydro-lyase; PrpD; 2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate hydro-lyase
Systematic name: (2S,3S)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate hydro-lyase [(Z)-but-2-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylate-forming]
Comments: Not identical with EC 4.2.1.4, citrate dehydratase. The enzyme is specific for (2S,3S)-methylcitrate, showing no activity with (2R,3S)-methylcitrate [2]. The enzyme can also use cis-aconitate as a substrate but more slowly [2]. Both this enzyme and EC 4.2.1.3, aconitate hydratase, are required to complete the isomerization of (2S,3S)-methylcitrate to (2R,3S)-2-methylisocitrate [2]
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 80891-26-5
References:
1.  Aoki, H. and Tabuchi, T. Purification and properties of 2-methylcitrate dehydratase from Yarrowia lipolytica. Agric. Biol. Chem. 45 (1981) 2831–2837.
2.  Brock, M., Maerker, C., Schütz, A., Völker, U. and Buckel, W. Oxidation of propionate to pyruvate in Escherichia coli. Involvement of methylcitrate dehydratase and aconitase. Eur. J. Biochem. 269 (2002) 6184–6194. [PMID: 12473114]
[EC 4.2.1.79 created 1984]
 
 


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