The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.2.1.128     
Accepted name: lupan-3β,20-diol synthase
Reaction: lupan-3β,20-diol = (3S)-2,3-epoxy-2,3-dihydrosqualene + H2O
For diagram of lupeol and lupan-3β,20-diol biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): LUP1 (gene name)
Systematic name: (3S)-2,3-epoxy-2,3-dihydrosqualene hydro-lyase (lupan-3β,20-diol forming)
Comments: The reaction occurs in the reverse direction. The recombinant enzyme from Arabidopsis thaliana gives a 1:1 mixture of lupeol and lupan-3β,20-diol with small amounts of β-amyrin, germanicol, taraxasterol and ψ-taraxasterol. See EC 5.4.99.41 (lupeol synthase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Segura, M.J., Meyer, M.M. and Matsuda, S.P. Arabidopsis thaliana LUP1 converts oxidosqualene to multiple triterpene alcohols and a triterpene diol. Org. Lett. 2 (2000) 2257–2259. [PMID: 10930257]
2.  Kushiro, T., Hoshino, M., Tsutsumi, T., Kawai, K., Shiro, M., Shibuya, M. and Ebizuka, Y. Stereochemical course in water addition during LUP1-catalyzed triterpene cyclization. Org. Lett. 8 (2006) 5589–5592. [PMID: 17107079]
[EC 4.2.1.128 created 2011]
 
 


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