The Enzyme Database

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EC 4.2.1.107     
Accepted name: 3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA hydratase
Reaction: (24R,25R)-3α,7α,12α,24-tetrahydroxy-5β-cholestanoyl-CoA = (24E)-3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA + H2O
For diagram of cholic-acid biosynthesis (sidechain), click here
Other name(s): 46 kDa hydratase 2; (24R,25R)-3α,7α,12α,24-tetrahydroxy-5β-cholestanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase
Systematic name: (24R,25R)-3α,7α,12α,24-tetrahydroxy-5β-cholestanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase [(24E)-3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA-forming]
Comments: This enzyme forms part of the rat peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme perMFE-2, which also exhibits a dehydrogenase activity. The enzyme is involved in the β-oxidation of the cholesterol side chain in the cholic-acid-biosynthesis pathway.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 152787-68-3
References:
1.  Qin, Y.M., Haapalainen, A.M., Conry, D., Cuebas, D.A., Hiltunen, J.K. and Novikov, D.K. Recombinant 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase derived from rat peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme 2: role of the hydratase reaction in bile acid synthesis. Biochem. J. 328 (1997) 377–382. [PMID: 9371691]
2.  Xu, R. and Cuebas, D.A. The reactions catalyzed by the inducible bifunctional enzyme of rat liver peroxisomes cannot lead to the formation of bile acids. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 221 (1996) 271–278. [PMID: 8619845]
3.  Kinoshita, T., Miyata, M., Ismail, S.M., Fujimoto, Y., Kakinuma, K., Kokawa, N.I. and Morisaki, M. Synthesis and determination of stereochemistry of four diastereoisomers at the C-24 and C-25 positions of 3α,7α,12α,24-tetrahydroxy-5β-cholestan-26-oic acid and cholic acid. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 36 (1988) 134–141.
4.  Fujimoto, Y., Kinoshita, T., Oya, I., Kakinuma, K., Ismail, S.M., Sonoda, Y., Sato, Y. and Morisaki, M. Non-stereoselective conversion of the four diastereoisomers at the C-24 and C-25 positions of 3α,7α,12α,24-tetrahydroxy-5β-cholestan-26-oic acid and cholic acid. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 36 (1988) 142–145.
5.  Kurosawa, T., Sato, M., Nakano, H., Fujiwara, M., Murai, T., Yoshimura, T. and Hashimoto, T. Conjugation reactions catalyzed by bifunctional proteins related to β-oxidation in bile acid biosynthesis. Steroids 66 (2001) 107–114. [PMID: 11146090]
6.  Russell, D.W. The enzymes, regulation, and genetics of bile acid synthesis. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 72 (2003) 137–174. [PMID: 12543708]
[EC 4.2.1.107 created 2005]
 
 


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