The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: benzylsuccinate synthase
Reaction: benzylsuccinate = toluene + fumarate
For diagram of anaerobic toluene catabolism, click here
Other name(s): benzylsuccinate fumarate-lyase
Systematic name: benzylsuccinate fumarate-lyase (toluene-forming)
Comments: A glycyl radical enzyme that is inhibited by benzyl alcohol, benzaldehyde, phenylhydrazine and is inactivated by oxygen.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, UM-BBD, CAS registry number: 209264-18-6
1.  Beller, H.R. and Spormann, A.M. Analysis of the novel benzylsuccinate synthase reaction for anaerobic toluene activation based on structural studies of the product. J. Bacteriol. 180 (1998) 5454–5457. [PMID: 9765580]
2.  Leuthner, B., Leutwein, C., Schultz, H., Hörth, P., Haehnel, W., Schiltz, E., Schägger, H. and Heider, J. Biochemical and genetic characterisation of benzylsuccinate synthase from Thauera aromatica: a new glycyl radical enzyme catalysing the first step in anaerobic toluene metabolism. Mol. Microbiol. 28 (1998) 615–628. [PMID: 9632263]
[EC created 2000]

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