The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: 2-oxo-4-hydroxy-4-carboxy-5-ureidoimidazoline decarboxylase
Reaction: 5-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-ureido-2,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate = (S)-allantoin + CO2
For diagram of AMP catabolism, click here
Glossary: 5-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-ureido-2,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate = 2-oxo-4-hydroxy-4-carboxy-5-ureidoimidazoline
Other name(s): OHCU decarboxylase; hpxQ (gene name); PRHOXNB (gene name)
Systematic name: 5-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-ureido-2,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate carboxy-lyase [(S)-allantoin-forming]
Comments: This enzyme is part of the pathway from urate to (S)-allantoin, which is present in bacteria, plants and animals (but not in humans).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Ramazzina, I., Folli, C., Secchi, A., Berni, R. and Percudani, R. Completing the uric acid degradation pathway through phylogenetic comparison of whole genomes. Nat. Chem. Biol. 2 (2006) 144–148. [PMID: 16462750]
2.  Cendron, L., Berni, R., Folli, C., Ramazzina, I., Percudani, R. and Zanotti, G. The structure of 2-oxo-4-hydroxy-4-carboxy-5-ureidoimidazoline decarboxylase provides insights into the mechanism of uric acid degradation. J. Biol. Chem. 282 (2007) 18182–18189. [PMID: 17428786]
3.  Kim, K., Park, J. and Rhee, S. Structural and functional basis for (S)-allantoin formation in the ureide pathway. J. Biol. Chem. 282 (2007) 23457–23464. [PMID: 17567580]
4.  French, J.B. and Ealick, S.E. Structural and mechanistic studies on Klebsiella pneumoniae 2-oxo-4-hydroxy-4-carboxy-5-ureidoimidazoline decarboxylase. J. Biol. Chem. 285 (2010) 35446–35454. [PMID: 20826786]
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