The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase
Reaction: 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate = 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole + CO2
For diagram of the late stages of purine biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): 5-phosphoribosyl-5-aminoimidazole carboxylase; 5-amino-1-ribosylimidazole 5-phosphate carboxylase; AIR carboxylase; 1-(5-phosphoribosyl)-5-amino-4-imidazolecarboxylate carboxy-lyase; ADE2; class II PurE; 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate carboxy-lyase
Systematic name: 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate carboxy-lyase [5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-forming]
Comments: While this is the reaction that occurs in vertebrates during purine biosynthesis, two enzymes are required to carry out the same reaction in Escherichia coli, namely EC, 5-(carboxyamino)imidazole ribonucleotide synthase and EC, 5-(carboxyamino)imidazole ribonucleotide mutase [3]. 5-Carboxyamino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole is not a substrate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9032-04-6
1.  Lukens, L.N. and Buchanan, J.M. Biosynthesis of purines. XXIV. The enzymatic synthesis of 5-amino-1-ribosyl-4-imidazolecarboxylic acid 5′-phosphate from 5-amino-1-ribosylimidazole 5′-phosphate and carbon dioxide. J. Biol. Chem. 234 (1959) 1799–1805. [PMID: 13672967]
2.  Firestine, S.M., Poon, S.W., Mueller, E.J., Stubbe, J. and Davisson, V.J. Reactions catalyzed by 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide carboxylases from Escherichia coli and Gallus gallus: a case for divergent catalytic mechanisms. Biochemistry 33 (1994) 11927–11934. [PMID: 7918411]
3.  Firestine, S.M., Misialek, S., Toffaletti, D.L., Klem, T.J., Perfect, J.R. and Davisson, V.J. Biochemical role of the Cryptococcus neoformans ADE2 protein in fungal de novo purine biosynthesis. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 351 (1998) 123–134. [PMID: 9500840]
[EC created 1961, modified 2000, modified 2006]

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