The Enzyme Database

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EC 3.6.3.1     
Accepted name: phospholipid-translocating ATPase
Reaction: ATP + H2O + phospholipid[side 1] = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid[side 2]
Other name(s): Mg2+-ATPase; flippase; aminophospholipid-transporting ATPase
Systematic name: ATP phosphohydrolase (phospholipid-flipping)
Comments: A P-type ATPase that undergoes covalent phosphorylation during the transport cycle. The enzyme moves phospholipids such as phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, and phosphatidylethanolamine from one membrane face to the other (’flippase’).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Morris, M.B., Auland, M.E., Xu, Y.H. and Roufogalis, B.D. Characterization of the Mg2+-ATPase activity of the human erythrocyte membrane. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Int. 31 (1993) 823–832. [PMID: 8136700]
2.  Vermeulen, W.P., Briede, J.J. and Rolofsen, B. Manipulation of the phosphatidylethanolamine pool in the human red cell membrane affects its Mg2+-ATPase activity. Mol. Membr. Biol. 13 (1996) 95–102. [PMID: 8839453]
3.  Suzuki, H., Kamakura, M., Morii, M. and Takeguchi, N. The phospholipid flippase activity of gastric vesicles. J. Biol. Chem. 272 (1997) 10429–10434. [PMID: 9099684]
4.  Auland, M.E., Roufogalis, B.D., Devaux, P.F. and Zachowski, A. Reconstitution of ATP-dependent aminophospholipid translocation in proteoliposomes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91 (1994) 10938–10942. [PMID: 7971987]
5.  Alder-Baerens, N., Lisman, Q., Luong, L., Pomorski, T. and Holthuis, J.C. Loss of P4 ATPases Drs2p and Dnf3p disrupts aminophospholipid transport and asymmetry in yeast post-Golgi secretory vesicles. Mol. Biol. Cell 17 (2006) 1632–1642. [PMID: 16452632]
6.  Lopez-Marques, R.L., Poulsen, L.R., Hanisch, S., Meffert, K., Buch-Pedersen, M.J., Jakobsen, M.K., Pomorski, T.G. and Palmgren, M.G. Intracellular targeting signals and lipid specificity determinants of the ALA/ALIS P4-ATPase complex reside in the catalytic ALA α-subunit. Mol. Biol. Cell 21 (2010) 791–801. [PMID: 20053675]
[EC 3.6.3.1 created 2000 (EC 3.6.3.13 created 2000, incorporated 2001)]
 
 


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