The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: N-succinylarginine dihydrolase
Reaction: N2-succinyl-L-arginine + 2 H2O = N2-succinyl-L-ornithine + 2 NH3 + CO2
For diagram of arginine catabolism, click here
Other name(s): N2-succinylarginine dihydrolase; arginine succinylhydrolase; SADH; AruB; AstB; 2-N-succinyl-L-arginine iminohydrolase (decarboxylating)
Systematic name: N2-succinyl-L-arginine iminohydrolase (decarboxylating)
Comments: Arginine, N2-acetylarginine and N2-glutamylarginine do not act as substrates [3]. This is the second enzyme in the arginine succinyltransferase (AST) pathway for the catabolism of arginine [1]. This pathway converts the carbon skeleton of arginine into glutamate, with the concomitant production of ammonia and conversion of succinyl-CoA into succinate and CoA. The five enzymes involved in this pathway are EC (arginine N-succinyltransferase), EC (N-succinylarginine dihydrolase), EC (succinylornithine transaminase), EC (succinylglutamate semialdehyde dehydrogenase) and EC (succinylglutamate desuccinylase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB
1.  Schneider, B.L., Kiupakis, A.K. and Reitzer, L.J. Arginine catabolism and the arginine succinyltransferase pathway in Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 180 (1998) 4278–4286. [PMID: 9696779]
2.  Tocilj, A., Schrag, J.D., Li, Y., Schneider, B.L., Reitzer, L., Matte, A. and Cygler, M. Crystal structure of N-succinylarginine dihydrolase AstB, bound to substrate and product, an enzyme from the arginine catabolic pathway of Escherichia coli. J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2005) 15800–15808. [PMID: 15703173]
3.  Vander Wauven, C. and Stalon, V. Occurrence of succinyl derivatives in the catabolism of arginine in Pseudomonas cepacia. J. Bacteriol. 164 (1985) 882–886. [PMID: 2865249]
4.  Cunin, R., Glansdorff, N., Pierard, A. and Stalon, V. Biosynthesis and metabolism of arginine in bacteria. Microbiol. Rev. 50 (1986) 314–352. [PMID: 3534538]
5.  Itoh, Y. Cloning and characterization of the aru genes encoding enzymes of the catabolic arginine succinyltransferase pathway in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J. Bacteriol. 179 (1997) 7280–7290. [PMID: 9393691]
[EC created 2006]

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