The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: cyanuric acid amidohydrolase
Reaction: cyanuric acid + H2O = biuret + CO2
Glossary: cyanuric acid = 1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione = 2,4,6-trihydroxy-s-triazine
biuret = imidodicarbonic diamide
Other name(s): AtzD
Systematic name: cyanuric acid amidohydrolase
Comments: Along with EC (allophanate hydrolase) and EC (biuret amidohydrolase), this enzyme forms part of the cyanuric-acid metabolism pathway, which degrades s-triazide herbicides, such as atrazine [2-chloro-4-(ethylamino)-6-(isopropylamino)-1,3,5-triazine], in bacteria. This is a key enzyme in the pathway, catalysing the ring cleavage of cyanuric acid. The enzyme is specific for cyanuric acid as substrate as neither the structurally related compounds ammeline (2,4-diamino-6-hydroxy-s-triazine) and ammelide (2-amino-4,6-dihydroxy-s-triazine) nor a number of pyrimidine compounds, such as uracil and cytosine, can act as substrates [3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, UM-BBD, CAS registry number: 132965-78-7
1.  Eaton, R.W. and Karns, J.S. Cloning and comparison of the DNA encoding ammelide aminohydrolase and cyanuric acid amidohydrolase from three s-triazine-degrading bacterial strains. J. Bacteriol. 173 (1991) 1363–1366. [DOI] [PMID: 1991731]
2.  Eaton, R.W. and Karns, J.S. Cloning and analysis of s-triazine catabolic genes from Pseudomonas sp. strain NRRLB-12227. J. Bacteriol. 173 (1991) 1215–1222. [DOI] [PMID: 1846859]
3.  Karns, J.S. Gene sequence and properties of an s-triazine ring-cleavage enzyme from Pseudomonas sp. strain NRRLB-12227. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65 (1999) 3512–3517. [PMID: 10427042]
4.  Fruchey, I., Shapir, N., Sadowsky, M.J. and Wackett, L.P. On the origins of cyanuric acid hydrolase: purification, substrates, and prevalence of AtzD from Pseudomonas sp. strain ADP. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69 (2003) 3653–3657. [DOI] [PMID: 12788776]
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