The Enzyme Database

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EC 3.5.1.109     
Accepted name: sphingomyelin deacylase
Reaction: (1) an N-acyl-sphingosylphosphorylcholine + H2O = a fatty acid + sphingosylphosphorylcholine
(2) a D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine + H2O = a fatty acid + D-glucosyl-sphingosine
Glossary: sphingomyelin = N-acyl-sphingosylphosphorylcholine
D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine = glucosylceramide
Other name(s): SM deacylase; GcSM deacylase; glucosylceramide sphingomyelin deacylase; sphingomyelin glucosylceramide deacylase; SM glucosylceramide GCer deacylase; SM-GCer deacylase; SMGCer deacylase
Systematic name: N-acyl-sphingosylphosphorylcholine amidohydrolase
Comments: The enzyme is involved in the sphingolipid metabolism in the epidermis.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Hara, J., Higuchi, K., Okamoto, R., Kawashima, M. and Imokawa, G. High-expression of sphingomyelin deacylase is an important determinant of ceramide deficiency leading to barrier disruption in atopic dermatitis. J. Invest. Dermatol. 115 (2000) 406–413. [PMID: 10951276]
2.  Higuchi, K., Hara, J., Okamoto, R., Kawashima, M. and Imokawa, G. The skin of atopic dermatitis patients contains a novel enzyme, glucosylceramide sphingomyelin deacylase, which cleaves the N-acyl linkage of sphingomyelin and glucosylceramide. Biochem. J. 350 (2000) 747–756. [PMID: 10970788]
3.  Ishibashi, M., Arikawa, J., Okamoto, R., Kawashima, M., Takagi, Y., Ohguchi, K. and Imokawa, G. Abnormal expression of the novel epidermal enzyme, glucosylceramide deacylase, and the accumulation of its enzymatic reaction product, glucosylsphingosine, in the skin of patients with atopic dermatitis. Lab. Invest. 83 (2003) 397–408. [PMID: 12649340]
[EC 3.5.1.109 created 2011]
 
 


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