The Enzyme Database

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EC 3.5.1.105     
Accepted name: chitin disaccharide deacetylase
Reaction: N,N′-diacetylchitobiose + H2O = N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-D-glucosamine + acetate
Glossary: N,N′-diacetylchitobiose = N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine
Other name(s): chitobiose amidohydolase; COD; chitin oligosaccharide deacetylase; chitin oligosaccharide amidohydolase; 2-(acetylamino)-4-O-[2-(acetylamino)-2-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl]-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose acetylhydrolase
Systematic name: N,N′-diacetylchitobiose acetylhydrolase
Comments: Chitin oligosaccharide deacetylase is a key enzyme in the chitin catabolic cascade of chitinolytic Vibrio strains. Besides being a nutrient, the heterodisaccharide product 4-O-(N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl)-D-glucosamine is a unique inducer of chitinase production in Vibrio parahemolyticus [2]. In contrast to EC 3.5.1.41 (chitin deacetylase) this enzyme is specific for the chitin disaccharide [1,3]. It also deacetylates the chitin trisaccharide with lower efficiency [3]. No activity with higher polymers of GlcNAc [1,3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Kadokura, K., Rokutani, A., Yamamoto, M., Ikegami, T., Sugita, H., Itoi, S., Hakamata, W., Oku, T. and Nishio, T. Purification and characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus extracellular chitinase and chitin oligosaccharide deacetylase involved in the production of heterodisaccharide from chitin. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 75 (2007) 357–365. [PMID: 17334758]
2.  Hirano, T., Kadokura, K., Ikegami, T., Shigeta, Y., Kumaki, Y., Hakamata, W., Oku, T. and Nishio, T. Heterodisaccharide 4-O-(N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl)-D-glucosamine is a specific inducer of chitinolytic enzyme production in Vibrios harboring chitin oligosaccharide deacetylase genes. Glycobiology 19 (2009) 1046–1053. [PMID: 19553519]
3.  Ohishi, K., Yamagishi, M., Ohta, T., Motosugi, M., Izumida, H., Sano, H., Adachi, K., Miwa, T. Purification and properties of two deacetylases produced by Vibrio alginolyticus H-8. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 61 (1997) 1113–1117.
4.  Ohishi, K., Murase, K., Ohta, T. and Etoh, H. Cloning and sequencing of the deacetylase gene from Vibrio alginolyticus H-8. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 90 (2000) 561–563. [PMID: 16232910]
[EC 3.5.1.105 created 2010]
 
 


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