The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: ADAM 17 endopeptidase
Reaction: Narrow endopeptidase specificity. Cleaves Pro-Leu-Ala-Gln-Ala┼Val-Arg-Ser-Ser-Ser in the membrane-bound, 26-kDa form of tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα). Similarly cleaves other membrane-anchored, cell-surface proteins to "shed" the extracellular domains
Other name(s): tumor necrosis factor α-converting enzyme; TACE
Comments: In peptidase family M12. In vivo, the cleavage of tumour necrosis factor α precursor releases the soluble, 17-kDa TNFα, which induces inflammation.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, MEROPS, PDB, CAS registry number: 151769-16-3
1.  Black, R.A. Tumor necrosis factor-α converting enzyme. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 34 (2002) 1–5. [PMID: 11733179]
[EC created 2003]

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