The Enzyme Database

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EC 3.4.21.91     
Accepted name: flavivirin
Reaction: Selective hydrolysis of -Xaa-Xaa┼Yaa- bonds in which each of the Xaa can be either Arg or Lys and Yaa can be either Ser or Ala
Other name(s): Yellow fever virus (flavivirus) protease; NS2B-3 proteinase
Comments: Known from classical flaviviruses (yellow fever, dengue fever). The functional viral peptidase is part of the NS2B protein. Catalytic His, Asp and Ser residues are arranged as in chymotrypsin, but flavivrin is the type example of peptidase family S7.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, MEROPS, PDB, CAS registry number: 154215-26-6
References:
1.  Chambers, T.J., Hahn, C.S., Galler, R. and Rice, C.M. Flavivirus genome organization, expression, and replication. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 44 (1990) 649–688. [PMID: 2174669]
2.  Cahour, A., Falgout, B. and Lai, C.-J. Cleavage of the dengue virus polyprotein at the NS3/NS4A and NS4B/NS5 junctions is mediated by viral protease NS2B-NS3, whereas NS4A/NS4B may be processed by a cellular protease. J. Virol. 66 (1992) 1535–1542. [PMID: 1531368]
3.  Lin, C., Amberg, S.M., Chambers, T.J. and Rice, C.M. Cleavage at a novel site in the NS4A region by the yellow fever virus NS2B-3 proteinase is a prerequisite for processing at the downstream 4A/4B signalase site. J. Virol. 67 (1993) 2327–2335. [PMID: 8445732]
[EC 3.4.21.91 created 1995]
 
 


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