The Enzyme Database

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EC 3.4.21.103     
Accepted name: physarolisin
Reaction: Milk clotting activity. Preferential cleavage of Gly8┼Ser in B chain of insulin most rapidly, followed by Leu11┼Val, Cys(SO3H)19┼Gly and Phe24┼Phe. No action on Ac-Phe-Tyr(I)2.
Other name(s): Dictyostelium discoideum aspartic proteinase; Dictyostelium discoideum aspartic proteinase E; Physarum flavicomum aspartic proteinase; Physarum polycephalum acid proteinase; Physarum aspartic proteinase; physaropepsin
Comments: Belongs in peptidase family S53. From the slime mold Physarum polycephalum. Is not inhibited by pepstatin, but is blocked by methyl 2-diazoacetamidohexanoate. Closely similar enzymes are found in Dictyostelium discoideum and P. flavicomum. Formerly included in EC 3.4.23.6.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, MEROPS, CAS registry number: 94949-28-7
References:
1.  Henney, H.R. and Tavana, G. Purification and some properties of an intracellular acid (carboxyl) proteinase from differentiating haploid cells of Physarum flavicomum. Exp. Mycol. 6 (1982) 161–170.
2.  Murakami-Murofushi, K., Hiratsuka, A. and Ohta, J. A novel acid protease from haploid amoebae of Physarum polycephalum, and its changes during mating and subsequent differentiation into diploid plasmodia. Cell Struct. Funct. 9 (1984) 311–315.
3.  North, M.J. and Whyte, A. Purification and characterization of two acid proteinases from Dictyostelium discoideum. J. Gen. Microbiol. 130 (1984) 123–134.
4.  Wlodawer, A., Li, M., Gustchina, A., Oyama, H., Dunn, B.M. and Oda, K. Structural and enzymatic properties of the sedolisin family of serine-carboxyl peptidases. Acta Biochim. Pol. 50 (2003) 81–102. [PMID: 12673349]
5.  Nishii, W., Ueki, T., Miyashita, R., Kojima, M., Kim, Y.T., Sasaki, N., Murakami-Murofushi, K. and Takahashi, K. Structural and enzymatic characterization of physarolisin (formerly physaropepsin) proves that it is a unique serine-carboxyl proteinase. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 301 (2003) 1023–1029. [PMID: 12589815]
[EC 3.4.21.103 created 1992 as EC 3.4.23.27 (EC 3.4.23.6 created 1992 (EC 3.4.23.6 created 1961 as EC 3.4.4.17, transferred 1972 to EC 3.4.23.6, modified 1981 [EC 3.4.23.7, EC 3.4.23.8, EC 3.4.23.9, EC 3.4.23.10, EC 3.4.99.1, EC 3.4.99.15 and EC 3.4.99.25 all created 1972 and incorporated 1978], part incorporated 1992), transferred 2003 to EC 3.4.21.103]
 
 


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